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Hormones
University of Evansville EXSS113L
21
Anatomy
04/19/2010

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Cards

Term
FSH: Follicle Stimulating Hormone
Anterior Pituitary
Definition
Gonads: gamete production (sperm or egg)
Term
LH: Leutinizing Hormone
Anterior Pituitary
Definition
Gonads: promotes production of gonadal hormones
Term
TSH: Thyroid Stimulating Hormone
Anterior Pituitary
Definition
Thyroid: development and secretion of thyroid
Term
ACTH
Anterior Pituitary
Definition
Adrenal Cortex: release of corticosteroids
Term
Prolactin
Anterior Pituitary
Definition
Mammary Glands: milk production
Term
GH: Growth Hormone
Anterior Pituitary
Definition
Bone and skeletal muscle: growth-promotion and metabolic actions
Term
ADH: Anti-diuretic Hormone
Posterior Pituitary
Definition
Kidney: Body water balance
Term
Oxytocin
Posterior Pituitary
Definition
Uterus & breast: uterine contractions, milk ejection
Term
Melatonin
Pineal Gland
Definition
Inhibits premature sexual maturation, regulation of day/night cycle
Term
T3 & T4 Thyroid Hormones
Thyroid
Definition
Thyroid/everywhere: metabolism
Term
Calcitonin
Thyroid
Definition
Blood & bones: regulates blood calcium levels
Term
PTH: Parathyroid Hormone
Parathyroid glands
Definition
Osteoclasts, kidneys: balance of blood calcium
Term
Norepinephrine
Adrenal Medulla
Definition
Sympathetic nervous system: fight or flight reactions
Term
Epinephrine
Adrenal Medulla
Definition
Sympathetic nervous system: fight-or-flight responses
Term
Aldosterone
Adrenal Gland
Definition
Kidneys: Water and electrolyte balance
Term
Androgens
Adrenal cortex
Definition
Testes: male sex hormone
Term
Insulin
Pancreas
Definition
Body cells
Lowers blood sugar
Term
Glucagon
Pancreas
Definition
Liver: raises blood sugar
Term
Estrogen
Gonads
Definition
Uterus, breast: female sexual maturation, uterine lining, menstrual cycle
Term
Progesterone
Gonads
Definition
Uterus, breast: Menstrual cycle, lactation
Term
Testosterone
Gonads
Definition
Testes: Male sexual maturation