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Final Exam Psyc 1101
Lessons 10 & 11 (Prequiz/Quiz Questions)
30
Psychology
07/22/2008

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Term
Valium would most likely be prescribed in order to help:
Definition
Jerome overcome feelings of nervous apprehension and an inability to relax.
Term
Which of the following individuals is most likely to benefit from Prozac?
Definition
Shannon, who feels helpless and apathetic and thinks her life is meaningless and worthless
Term
Wilma, a 45-year-old journalist, alternates between extreme sadness and lethargy and extreme euphoria and overactivity. The drug most likely to prove beneficial to her is:
Definition
lithium.
Term
Prozac is an antidepressant drug that blocks the reabsorption and removal of:
Definition
serotonin.
Term
Melissa suffers from auditory hallucinations and falsely believes that her former high school teachers are trying to kill her. Melissa's symptoms are most likely to be relieved by _____ drugs.
Definition
Antipsychotic
Term
At the present time, the most effective drug for the treatment of schizophrenia is:
Definition
Clozaril.
Term
Sluggishness, tremors, and twitches similar to those of Parkinson's disease are most likely to be associated with the excessive use of certain _____ drugs.
Definition
Antipsychotic
Term
In classical conditioning therapies, maladaptive symptoms are usually considered to be:
Definition
conditioned responses.
Term
Which of the following procedures is most likely to result in a slight loss of memory?
Definition
electroconvulsive therapy
Term
Electroconvulsive therapy has proven to be effective in the treatment of:
Definition
depression.
Term
According to the text, aggression always involves:
Definition
the intent to hurt.
Term
Which of the following persons is most clearly acting aggressively?
Definition
a child who tries to hit another child with a rock
Term
Attribution theory was designed to account for:
Definition
how people explain others' behavior.
Term
Alicia insists that her boyfriend's car accident resulted from his carelessness. Her explanation for the accident provides an example of:
Definition
a dispositional attribution.
Term
Fritz Heider concluded that people tend to attribute others' behavior either to their _____ or to their _____.
Definition
dispositions; situations
Term
When 12-year-old Jack saw an old man lying on the sidewalk in apparent discomfort, he prepared to offer help. But when he noticed several adults walk past the man, he concluded that the man did not need any help. His reaction most clearly illustrates one of the dynamics involved in:
Definition
the bystander effect.
Term
The fact that human aggression varies widely from culture to culture most strongly suggests that it is not:
Definition
an instinctive behavior.
Term
The mere exposure effect refers to the fact that people:
Definition
experience increasing attraction to novel stimuli that become more familiar.
Term
Andrew, a 19-year-old college freshman, is very talkative, intelligent, assertive, and politically conservative. Research suggests that he would be most likely to develop a close friendship with:
Definition
Toren, who is talkative and assertive.
Term
Which theory best explains why our actions can lead us to modify our attitudes?
Definition
cognitive dissonance theory
Term
Attitudes are _____ that guide behavior.
Definition
beliefs and feelings
Term
Fritz Heider concluded that people tend to attribute others' behavior either to their _____ or to their _____.
Definition
dispositions; situations
Term
The fundamental attribution error refers to our tendency to underestimate the impact of _____ and to overestimate the impact of _____ in explaining the behavior of others.
Definition
situational influences; personal dispositions
Term
Freire did very poorly on his last arithmetic test. The tendency to make the fundamental attribution error might lead his sixth-grade teacher to conclude that Freire did poorly because:
Definition
he is unmotivated to do well in school.
Term
Having read the chapter, which of the following is best borne out by research on attraction?
Definition
Birds of a feather flock together.
Term
The fact that human aggression varies widely from culture to culture most strongly suggests that it is not:
Definition
an instinctive behavior.
Term
When a mild-mannered woman had an electrode implanted in her amygdala, she:
Definition
developed more aggressive tendencies.
Term
Which theory best explains why our actions can lead us to modify our attitudes?
Definition
cognitive dissonance theory
Term
When 12-year-old Jack saw an old man lying on the sidewalk in apparent discomfort, he prepared to offer help. But when he noticed several adults walk past the man, he concluded that the man did not need any help. His reaction most clearly illustrates one of the dynamics involved in:
Definition
the bystander effect.
Term
Most researchers who have examined the effects of viewing televised aggression conclude that:
Definition
viewing violence leads children and teenagers to behave aggressively.