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Eukaryotic Parasites
K. Animailia Eukaryotic Parasites List
65
Microbiology
08/22/2013

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Cards

Term
What is in Phylum Platyhelminthes
Definition
2 types of flatworms
Flatworms: flukes & tapeworms

class Trematoda (flukes)
class Cestoda (tapeworms)

Flatty -Platty and tape is FLat
Term
What is class Trematoda
Definition
flukes are flat (live in other organs not intestines)

tremble when the "flukeflute" is played
Term
Shistosoma japonicum

"SHITosoma
Definition
blood fluke - (causes Schistosomiasis) - larvae from SHIT in the river - penetrate the skin - mature and migrate to lungs and liver - snails are intermediate hosts

Class: Trematoda (flukes)
Term
Clonorchis sinensis
Definition
Chinese liver fluke: infests the gallbladder, bile ducts and pancreatic ducts - causing jaundice and cirrhosis

what a fluke "cloris leachman" had a bad liver"

Class: Trematoda (flukes)
Term
what is Paragonimus westermani
Definition
lung fluke

"western lung fluke"
Term
What is class Cestoda
Definition
tapeworms (live in intestines)

Cestoda brand tape - wrap your presents in cestode
Term
what is Taenia saginata
Definition
beef tape worm - human is definitive host

bad beef comes from saginaw michigan
Term
Taenia pisiformis
Definition
dog tapeworm - from eating prey

i get pissed when dog eats my prey
Term
Dipylidium caninum
Definition
(dog tapeworm transmitted by fleas) (worm is carried by the flea, the dog ingests when licking itself while grooming)
Term
what is phylum Aschelminths
Definition
roundworms

an asshole is round
Term
What is class Nematoda?
Definition
roundworms
Term
Ascaris lumbricoides
Definition
(intestinal roundworms) (causes ascariasis)

Coils in the stomach
Term
Enterobius vermicularis
Definition
(pinworms) (female pinworm lays eggs on exterior of the anus) (mostly spread by contacting eggs while scratching the itchy anus, can be spread by inhalation or contact with infected bed linens) (most commonly passed while handling food with eggs in debris under fingernails)
Term
Trichinella spiralis
Definition
Nematoda (roundworms)
(causes trichinosis) (most common way to contact is through ingesting the encysted larvae in undercooked pork but can from other meat) (not common in the US)
Term
Necator americanus
Definition
(hookworm) (The larvae penetrate the skin, typically feet and legs and burrow to a blood vessel where they migrate to the heart and lungs)

In america we "hook" fish not nector
Term
Toxocara canis and T. cati
Definition
dog and cat roundworms
Term
Dirofilaria immitis
Definition
Nematoda (roundworms)
Family: Filarioidea (round threadlike worms)

(dog heartworm – mosquito is the vector)
Term
Wuchereria bancrofti
Definition
Nematoda (roundworms)

elephantiasis -(elephantiasis) -vector is mosquito - adult worm lives in the lymph system and produces millions of microscopic worms or microfilariae - when the mosquito bites the human, the worms pass into the skin and travel to the lymph system causing the lymph system to malfunction. Sever lymphedema occurs typically in the genitals, and limbs

"WB has big balls"
Term
what phylum are the ectoparasites in?
Definition
Arthropoda
Term
what 2 classes are in phylum Arthropoda
Definition
arachnida & insecta
Term
what class are spiders mites & ticks
Definition
arachnida - 8 legs
Term
what class are lice, fleas & mosquitos
Definition
insecta - 6 legs
Term
what is Dermacentor (dogtick) a vector of?
Definition
Rocky Mountain Fever ---> bacterium: Rickettsia rikettsi

Go to the welcome "center" R&R in the Rocky Mountains
Term
what is Ixodes (deer tick) a vector of?
Definition
lyme disease ----> bacterium: Borrelia burgdorferi

buy limes at burgdorfs
Term
Sarcoptes scabeii (mites)
Definition
cause scapbies in humans and sarcoptic mange in dogs
Term
what is Pediculis humanis (head lice) a vector of?
Definition
Typhus, c.o. of Rickettsia typhi

"humans - human headlice"
Term
Phthirus pubis
Definition
pubic lice or crabs
Term
what is Ctenocephalides (dog flea) a vector of?
Definition
Dipylidium caninum (dog tapeworm)
Term
what is Xenopsylla (rat flea) a vector of ?
Definition
bacterium: Yersinia pestis C.O. Bubonic Plague

"yersinia in japan has rats"
Term
what is Anopheles (mosquito) a vector of
Definition
protozoan: Plasmodium vivax (malaria)
Term
what is Kingdom Fungi
Definition
non photosynthetic
heterotrophs (must feed of something else ex: sugar in yeast)
Term
what is in Kingdom Fungi
Definition
unicellular (yeasts)
multicellular (mold, mildew, mushrooms, smuts, rusts)
Term
*** Candida albicans
Definition
(sometimes a budding yeast infection, also forms pseudohyphaye) (causes candidiasis, vaginal yeast infections, oral thrush, normal flora that become an opportunistic mycosis)

yeast -> unicellular
Term
what causes pneumonia in aids patients?
Definition
Pneumocystis jiroveci - airborne

yeast -> unicellular
Term
Saccharomyces cerevisae
Definition
bakers or brewers yeast

yeast -> unicelluar
Term
penicillin is derived from this mold?
Definition
Penicillium notatum

mold --> multicellular
Term
mold that ripens blue cheese?
Definition
Penicillium roqueforti

mold --> multicellular
Term
Aspergillus fumigatus
Definition
multicellular mold - causes aspergillosis
ascomycete

mold --> multicellular
Term
Histoplasma capsulatum
Definition
darlings disease (caves disease bat droppings)
ascomycete

mold --> multicellular
Term
***Trichophyton
Definition
ringworm!!!
(other genre is microsporum, Epidermaphyton) (Body: Tinea corporis recognized on skin by ring shaped rash)
Tinea pedis – athletes food
Tinea cruris - jock itch
Tinea capitis on the head
Tinea barbaris - on the beard

mold --> multicellular
Term
Cryptococccus neoformans
Definition
meningitis of aids patients (pigeon droppings)

mold --> multicellular
Term
Rhizopus
Definition
bread mold (also on fruit) Zygomycete

mold --> multicellular
Term
What is in K. Protista?
Definition
Algae (plant-like, photosynthetic)
Protozoa (animal-like, heterotrophic)
Term
Algae has organisms from what kingdoms?
Definition
K. Monera, Plana and Protistaq
Term
What is a large group of protists with photosynthetic pigments that form silica shells that are harvested to make diatomaceous earth) domoic acid intoxication?
Definition
Diatoms - in algae group
Term
what is (red tide causing organisms) (a large group of flagellated red algae) Karenia brevis or Gymnodinium breve (local red tide organism)?
Definition
Dinoflagellates - in algae group
Term
****What is our local red tide organism?
Definition
Karenia brevis or Gymnodinium breve
Term
Are Spirogyra(colonial), Euglena (flagellated) and volvux (colonial) cyanobacteria or other green algae?
Definition
Other green algae
Term
What is Phylum Sarcodina and where is it?
Definition
Protozoa
amoebas that move with Pseudopods

Phylum Sarcodina
Term
Amoeba proteus
Definition
common fresh water non-pathogen

Phylum Sarcodina
Term
Entamoeba histolytica
Definition
(You can get this in Mexico)-- amoebic dysentary; feeds on humans RBC's

Why you can't drink the water overseas

Phylum Sarcodina
Term
Radiolaria
Definition
A large group of amoeboid protists that form silica shells

Phylum Sarcodina
Term
What is phylum Mastigophora?
Definition
protozoa that moves with flagella

"Hang a "flag"ella" on the mast"
Term
**What is the only STD caused by a protozoa
Definition
Trichomonas vaginalis

"Trich" treated with flagyll

Phylum Mastigophora (protozoa)

"Prostitutes turn tricks with their protozoas"
Term
***What causes African sleeping sickness? and what is the vector?
Definition
Trypanosoma gambiense-- blood parasite

tsetse fly (vector)

Phylum Mastigophora (protozoa)
Term
Trypanosoma cruzi
Definition
Causes Chaga's disease

vector is kissing bug

Phylum Mastigophora (protozoa)
Term
Giardia lamblia
Definition
intestinal parasite

(Giardiasis)

Phylum Mastigophora (protozoa)
Term
What is phylum Ciliaphora?
Definition
Protozoa that use cilia to move or sweep food
Term
Paramecium caudatum
Definition
Non-pathogen , freshwater
Term
Balantidium coli
Definition
intestinal parasite, ulceration of colon, from pigs

**Humans are incidental hosts!
Term
What is phylum sporozoa?
Definition
Slime molds a part of protozoa
Term
What phylums are in protozoa?
Definition
Phylum Sarcodina
Phylum Mastigophora
Phylum Ciliaphora
Phylum Sporozoa
Term
***What organism causes malaria?
What is the vector?
Definition
Plasmodium vivax
Anopheles mosquito

A protozoa in the mosquitos saliva
(slime molds)

Phylum Sporozoa-- slime molds
Term
Toxoplasma gondii
Definition
(toxoplasmosis)

why pregnant women should not change a liter box

Phylum Sporozoa-- slime molds
Term
Cryptosporidium parvum
Definition
intestinal parasite

Reason why Milwaukee was infected in video

Phylum Sporozoa-- slime molds