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EMS Ch 19 Terms
EMS Ch 19 Terms
18
Medical
10/24/2013

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Term
addiction
Definition
A state of overwhelming obsession or physical need to continue the use of a drug or agent.
Term
antidote
Definition
A substance that is used to neutralize or counteract a poison.
Term
delirium tremens (DTs)
Definition
A severe withdrawal syndrome seen in alcoholics who are deprived of ethyl alcohol; characterized by restlessness, fever, sweating, disorientation, agitation, and seizures; can be fatal if untreated.
Term
emesis
Definition
Vomiting.
Term
hallucinogens
Definition
Agents that produce false perceptions in any one of the five senses.
Term
hematemesis
Definition
Vomiting blood.
Term
hypnotic
Definition
A sleep-inducing effect or agent.
Term
ingestion
Definition
Swallowing; taking a substance by mouth.
Term
opioids
Definition
Any drug or agent with actions similar to morphine.
Term
overdose
Definition
An excessive quantity of a drug which, when taken or administered, can have toxic or lethal consequences.
Term
poison
Definition
A substance whose chemical action could damage structures or impair function when introduced into the body.
Term
sedative
Definition
A substance that decreases activity and excitement.
Term
stimulant
Definition
An agent that produces an excited state.
Term
substance abuse
Definition
The misuse of any substance to produce some desired effect.
Term
tolerance
Definition
The need for increasing amounts of a drug to obtain the same effect.
Term
toxicology
Definition
The study of toxic or poisonous substances.
Term
toxin
Definition
A poison or harmful substance produced by bacteria, animals, or plants.
Term
vomitus
Definition
Vomited material.