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Digestive System
n/a
55
Medical
04/06/2011

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Cards

Term
Perianal
Definition
next to the anus
Term
colocoscopy
Definition
to look at the colon
Term
hepatomegaly
Definition
enlargement of liver
Term
Cholelithotripsy
Definition
removal of stones from the gall bladder by shock waves
Term
Cholecystectomy
Definition
removal of the gall bladder
Term
enterorrhexis
Definition
rupture of the intestine
Term
glossitis
Definition
inflammation of the tongue
Term
odontogensis
Definition
formation of the teeth
Term
proctology
Definition
branch of medicine that studies the anus and rectum
Term
rectocele
Definition
hernia in the rectum
Term
pharyngeal
Definition
pertaining to the throat
Term
choledocholith
Definition
stone in the bile duct
Term
sialorrhea
Definition
flow of salivia
Term
peridontsis
Definition
inflammation of the area around the tooth
Term
xerostomia
Definition
dry mouth
Term
sialoadenitis
Definition
inflammation of the salivary gland
Term
hepatorrhaphy
Definition
suture of the liver
Term
cholangitis
Definition
inflammation of the bile duct
Term
cholecystalgia
Definition
pain in the gall bladder
Term
choledocholithotomy
Definition
to make a hole in the bile duct to remove a stone
Term
diverticulectomy
Definition
to remove a diverticula
Term
gingivectomy
Definition
to remove an infected gum
Term
hepatitis
Definition
inflammation of the liver
Term
hyperemesis
Definition
excessive vomiting
Term
mastication
Definition
chewing
Term
orthodontist
Definition
dentist who repairs malocclusion
Term
proctoplasty
Definition
reconstructive surgery of the anus
Term
rugae
Definition
stomach folds
Term
stomatomycosis
Definition
fungal infection of the mouth
Term
stomatorrhagia
Definition
bleeding from the mouth
Term
villi
Definition
folds from he small intestine where nutriants are absorbed
Term
aphthous ulcer
Definition
canker sore
Term
chyme
Definition
partially digested food
Term
laparoscopy
Definition
to look into the abdomen
Term
abdominocentesis
Definition
to remove fluid from the abdomen
Term
Digestive System
Definition
also called the gastrointestinal tract or alimentary canal
Term
uvula
Definition
functions in formation of speech, snoring, and sleep apnea
Term
Palatoplasty
Definition
surgical repair of a cleft lip and/or palate
Term
Cleft palate
Definition
the failure of the palate to close during the early development of the fetus
Term
diaphragm
Definition
divides the thoracic from the abdominal cavities
Term
Peristalsis
Definition
Progressive, wavelike movement that occurs involuntarily in hollow tubes of the body, especially the GI tract
Term
lower esophageal sphincter
Definition
controls the addition of food to the stomach
Term
the pyloric sphincter
Definition
controls its exit.
Term
Esophagogastroduodenoscopy
Definition
An examination of the lining of the esophagus, stomach, and upper duodenum with a small camera (flexible endoscope) which is inserted down the throat.
Term
Borborygmus
Definition
the rumbling noise caused by the movement of gas in the intestine
Term
Probiotics
Definition
live microorganisms (in most cases, bacteria) that are similar to beneficial microorganisms found in the human gut. They are also called "friendly bacteria" or "good bacteria."
Term
Capsule endoscopy
Definition
tiny video camera in a capsule that the patient swallows
Term
Pancreas
Definition
contributes digestive enzymes and produces the hormones insulin and glucagon
Term
gall bladder
Definition
stores bile
Term
liver
Definition
synthesizes enzymes and produces bile that aids in fat digestion
Term
Cirrhosis
Definition
is scarring of the liver and poor liver function as a result of chronic liver disease
Term
Lithotripsy
Definition
medical procedure that uses shock waves to break up stones in the kidney, bladder, or ureter
Term
Hemorrhoids
Definition
occur when a cluster of veins, muscles, and tissues slip near or through the anal opening
Term
Anal fistula-
Definition
abnormal tube-like passageway near the anus
Term
Herniorrhaphy
Definition
surgical repair of a hernia