Shared Flashcard Set

Details

Dance 45 Midterm
UCSB Dance 45 w/ Dr. Carol Press
98
Dance
10/27/2011

Additional Dance Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term
History
Definition
Study of past
People in power record it
Term
Dance
Definition
Form of movemet to experess or convey emotion and connects us to art
Term
Basic Elements of Dance
Definition
SPACE: the body exists in space, which gives the body shape and design, the body creates positive and negative space, dance occurs in space whether is a stage bedroom or park. TIME: dance is temporal, existing within a period or sequence of time, incorporates rhythm, and exists over a course of time. FLOW: amount of energy released or constricted. FORM & STYLE: form; broad over reaching rules, ballet, style is romantic. FUNCTION: the role of dance for the individual or culture ex: therapeutic. CHOREOGRAPHIC FORM: the overall structure of a specific dance, or reoccurring use of overall structure of a particular choreographer or during a particular historical and cultural time. CHOREOGRAPHIC CONTENT: the specific movements and ideas within a dance, or the reoccurring for a particular choreographer or during a particular historical and cultural time. CHOREOGRAPHIC FUNCTION: the function of dance for the choreographer, individual and culture. FEELING/EXPRESSION: subjective motivation and experience of movement. WORKING DEFINITION: dance is without goal, but always with intent to express your self
Term
Cultural Knowledge
Definition
: Dance differs between cultures, but each share uses for dance. Dance is used for education, social reasons, theater, recreation, and expression
Term
Ellen Dissanayake
Definition
Wrote Art and Intimacy which explained that baby talk exists in every culture but differs between them

Term
Paleolithic, Old Stone Age
Definition
20,000 years ago, hunting and gathering
Term
Sympathetic Magic
Definition
idea that if you do a movement which is perhaps of prey and go outside and the prey is actually outside. Reality experienced as one and emotionally understood.
Term
Aborigines
Definition
first inhabitants of Australia, represent a society that uses dance as an integral part of daily life.
Term
Jiri Kylianm
Definition
choreographer of the Netherlands Dance Company creates his own contemporary dance while being inspired by the aborigines, thought important because the culture was diminishing, dancing is telling a story.
Term
Netherlands Dance Theater
Definition
Contemporary Dance Theater existing since 1959 breaks away from traditional oriented Dutch National Ballet. Focuses on new ideas and experimentation of new forms and techniques of dance
Term
Stamping Ground
Definition
Jiri Kylian choreographed, inspired by aboriginal culture, modern ballet, and roots came from inside the human being
Term
Neolithic, New Stone Age
Definition
15,000 to 10,000 years ago, hunting and gathering, and animalistic perspectives
Term
Totem
Definition
restored power, eagle has healing power, way of dance.
Term
Animistic Perspective
Definition
Objects and animals effect people spiritually (need to be appeased)
Term
Cradle of Western Civilization
Definition
Mesopotamia-Sumeria 5,000 years ago, invented the wheel and writing, advanced bronze work, laws protected unprivileged.
Term
3 dance patterns often seen in anceint times
Definition
sacred circle, linear, and procession.
Term
Lineage-based cultures and dance
Definition
a Utilitarian and omnipresent art, dance was used as a mean of worship, a way of expressing and reinforcing tribal unity and strength, communication and therapeutic experience.
Term
Shaman
Definition
A dance and magic to heal people, energy of group was focused on an individual. *Can be said to be first choreographers.
Term
Dance & Religion
Definition
Dance was apart of many religions that represented rituals, Gods, etc.
Term
Egyptian Dance
Definition
Pharaohs are divine, religious, immortality- funerals (dancing in mourning), acrobatics- dwarf god Bess (dancing away evil)
Term
Dance of the Hebrews, 12 Verbs
Definition
One forgiving God, nomadic, music is a direct communication to god, 12 verbs for the word dance, religious, joyous, celebration, weddings, and circle dance
Term
Whirling Dervishes
Definition
A Turkish dance that lasts for hours
Term
Trance
Definition
dance) Bali, religions believed in more than one god, altered mental state/spiritual enlightenment: girls would walk through flames and not get burned.
Term
Dance in Crete
Definition
Influences Greece (3,000-1400 BCE), circle dance that worshipped woman Goddess- Supreme Earth Goddess
Term
Dance in Greece
Definition
private and communal, religious, education, military, entertainment, and theater. Myths into dance: Zeus and protectors, Minotaur, and Sparta Family turn
Term
Dionysus
Definition
he was the god of dance, especially of emotional excess; his followers were called maenads, identified with wine and sexual ecstasy, fertility, celebrated by cults.
Term
Dithyramb
Definition
city dances or festivals that city fathers seek to control and try to get their daughters out of the Dionysus cult.
Term
Thespis
Definition
considered the first actor, 535 BC, at a dithyramb he left the group and spoke by himself.
Term
Greek drama
Definition
tragedies stories being acted out
Term
Greek Chorus
Definition
dance troupe with stylized gestures and dance phrases, underscored or related to tragic verse drama
Term
Apollo
Definition
god of light inspired harmonious forms of dance (Emmeleia)
Term
Plato
Definition
Wrote laws of dance
well educated = good dancer
dance should be taught at a young age
Term
Athens
Definition
cultured in arts. Myths into dance: Zeus and protectors
Term
Sparta
Definition
city-state, warlike military training, 8,000 citizens out of 400,000 the rest were slaves.
Term
Emmeleia
Definition
dance of peace and harmony, which was inspired by Apollo
Term
Pyrrhic
Definition
war dance, which was inspired by Zeus
Term
Kordax
Definition
Greek dance that was commix. Involved leather phallus (penis), and was best performed when drunk
Term
Roman dance
Definition
generates into violence and spectacle, popular entertainment, and performed by slaves, acrobats, and jugglers.
Term
Roman pantomime
Definition
too many languages so they used gestures and cloak instead of words, it tells a story and has different characters but only one pantomime.
Term
Etruscan dance
Definition
Vigorous culture, Italian peninsula, 20 tombs with dance scenes, no religious or sacred dance, couple is equal, and freer, individual, recreational.
Term
Christianity and dance
Definition
uneasy about dance see it as suspicious, believe that dancing is received as sex, oppose Pagan worship because had to be done with dance, seizes “sixes” = chorus boys perform in church. When Christianity moved outside of Europe, different cultures adapted to it in their own way (with dance)
Term
Pagan and non-Pagan
Definition
Pagans believed in more than one god, and non-pagans believed in only one god
Term
Dark Ages and dance
Definition
Rise of the Roman Catholic Church, dancing means moral poisoning against dancing because St. Augustine says, “ dancing feels good”.
Term
Middle Ages/Medieval and dance
Definition
time of king Arthur, religious plays in church, public entertainment, peasants dance, courts rise of middle class, pageantry, tournaments, dance of death, dance Maria.
Term
Mystery, miracle, and morality plays
Definition
significant because it occurred in the church, usually consisted of devil dance based on the bible.
Term
Carole
Definition
a peasant dance
Term
Maypole dance
Definition
another peasant dance, dancers perform circle dances around a tall pole that is decorated in garlands, pointes stripes, flowers, flags and other emblems
Term
Morris dance
Definition
dance that used props. Consisted of contests and trials (sword dance)
Term
Court dance
Definition
outside church, performed in private homes, traveling entertainers, and the first dancing master
Term
Basse dance
Definition
feet did not leave the floor
Term
Pageantry and tournaments
Definition
outside of the church royalty, ceremony: colorful processions, display skill and virtuosity, masks and disguises (to score women) lead to theatrical performances
Term
Dance of death
Definition
outside of the church, rise of the middle class, death equalizer, signs of democracy, preoccupations with death, peasants pagan death rituals, and church prohibits this.
Term
Dance mania outside church
Definition
variation, ecstatic dancing, escape reality, hysteria, compulsive Epileptic, dance to death= die from exhaustion.
Term
Bubonic plague/black death
Definition
spread through Europe, 1/3 of Europe dies.
• Troubadours: public entertainers who traveled great distances, not approved by the church.
Term
Troubadours
Definition
public entertainers who traveled great distances, not approved by the church
Term
Renaissance and dance
Definition
rebirth, arts, literature, courts, and power. SOCIAL: aligned with manners, 4-part musical Sonata suite (Allemande, Courante, Sarabande, Gigue), dancing masters became powerful (Arbeau Pupil Capirol=dance master in French court, wrote orcheostrography). More structured dance-told a story and more specific music fit. THEATRICAL: renaissance festivals, affirm monarchy, 3 parts, royal entrance, mock tournaments, indoor divertissement, balls, development of theatrical dance, influence from Catherine de Medici and then Louis XIV
Term
Arbeau
Definition
dance master in the French court, whole orcheostrography: about both dance and social life manners.
Term
Sonata, musical suite and dance
Definition
4 part musical Sonata Suite: 1. Allemande= slow serious german dance, simple and grave, flowing and sentimental characteristics. 2. Courante = pantomime, flirtatious, came from Italy. 3. Sarabande= religious processional dance, solemn structure, cam from Spain. 4. Gugue= lively, wild, high -spirited dance, danced with fiddle music.
• Pavane: originated in the court of Spain, solemn and religious, derived from Latin pavo “peacock”, used in some religious occasions.
Term
Pavane
Definition
originated in the court of Spain, solemn and religious, derived from Latin pavo “peacock”, used in some religious occasions.
Term
Galliard
Definition
blithe and lively dance, 20 different versions, leaping, kicking, leg thrusting, immodest.
Term
Volta
Definition
Queen Elizabeths favorite dance, renaissance dance for couples from the later renaissance, done to the same music as Galliard and consisted of turn and lift in a sort of closed position.
Term
Ballet of the Provinces of France, 1573
Definition
preferred for people coming from abroad, shown to wealth and power, 1 hour long of patterns and movements.
• Equestrian ballet: horses choreographed to make geometric patterns, done in a field.
Term
Equestrian ballet
Definition
horses choreographed to make geometric patterns, done in a field.
Term
Italy, beginnings of ballet
Definition
???
Term
catherine de Medici
Definition
Italian, shrewd, smart, and manipulative; comes to France to marry Henry II, brings Italians, ballet steps are given French names, she brings fashion and makeup, 119 mirrors in the castle where she lived used for light, development of theatrical dance, shows power and prestige.
Term
Ballet Comique de la Reine, 1581
Definition
1st ballet a one themed story based on Greco-roman mythology, was 6 hours long in the great hall, Choreographed by Beaujoyeux , danced by nobles, Circe holds man prisoner god defeats Circe honors queen of France. Virtues= fortitude.
Term
Beaujoveux
Definition
Choreographed ballet Comique de la Reine in 1581
Term
King Louis XIII
Definition
father of Louis XIV who loved dance and passed it down to his son.
Term
King Louis XIV
Definition
King of France 1661-1714, combined the music and dance academy together, which grew into the Paris Opera. Loves to dance, stars in ballets, establishes academics, dancing master and choreographer codifies the S position of the feet
Term
Sun God
Definition
Louis XIV loved to play Apollo (the sun god god of light (political)) nobles identified him as a god.
Term
Versailles
Definition
the palace of Louis XIV and nobles, if you weren’t a good dancer you were banished from Versailles.
Term
Jean Baptiste Lully
Definition
composer and head of academy Royale de Musique, powerful individual and had ear of Louis XIV, he was shrewd, respected but feared.
Term
Pierre Beauchamps
Definition
Louis XIV’s choreographer, ran the academy with Lully. Codified the 5 positions of the feet
Term
Proscenium arch
Definition
framed the stage like a painting, stages were not seperate from audience allowed audience to sit up front as opposes to around the sides, made performance frontal.
Term
The Academie royale de Musique and dance 1671
Definition
Run by Beauchamps and Lully 1671, opened by Louis XIV in 1669.
Term
Paris Opera
Definition
grew out of the academy Royale de Musique and Dance, opens in 1713; now people who are not in courts can learn how to dance. Paris Opera Ballet, the dance company associated with it is the oldest dance company in the world; opened school= rise of the professional dancer.
Term
Professional ballet dancers
Definition
Came out of the academy de la Musique, school allows possibility of profession.
Term
Minuet
Definition
most popular dance in the 18th c., court dance that was a courtship ritual and about a couple flirtation. It is also seen and judged, goes from court to theatrical. Intricate floor patterns and delicate hand holding.
Term
18th c. 3 categories of dance
Definition
NOBLE: slow, serious, dignified; dancers wore masks. Subject: hero, mystery, and myth. Louis Dupre and gaetan vestris- male dance stars “ gods of dance” DEMI-CHARACTER : lively, faster and younger then noble, costumes allowed for more movement. Subjects: peasants, regular people. COMIC/GROTESQUE: servants, rustic roles, evil. Jean Dauberval: dancer and choreographer, blended classical and peasant. Portrayed ordinary people and ordinary life
Term
Theatrical dance
Definition
grew out of early court dances; only kind of dance that requires an audience
Term
Dance d'Ecole
Definition
In contrast to ballet de Action;technically oriented, non-expressive, dancers wore masks. Courts of Europe establish ballet companies in response to dance d’Ecole.
Term
Francoise Prevost
Definition
light, dramatic, expressive, choreographs beginning in 1715 Les Characters de la Danse, loves solos and popular dances, portrayed women and men and his pupils were Salle and Camargo
Term
Marie Salle
Definition
Considered plain, yet her dancing was very expressive, 1729 re choreographed Les Characters de la danse; wore no masks and huge at this time.
Term
Marie Ann Camargo
Definition
considered beautiful, she was highly technical, well schooled in dance de Fole, danced men’s steps, shortened skirt, lowered heel, worldly and had many lovers, fan clubs, retired in 1751 with huge pension, and the rivalry with Salle was in the eyes of stage; they were actually friends
Term
Barberina Campanini
Definition
successor to Salle and Camargo, known for her speed and agility, became a nun so she could get married.
Term
Louis Dupre
Definition
a male star noble dancer of the 18th centurt, called “god of dance” whoe came before Gaetan and Vestris.
Term
Gaetan Vestris
Definition
male dance star, dance noble, and god of dance
Term
Feuillet
Definition
dance notator and good at the notation of dance
Term
1760 book Letters on dancing
Definition
rebellion against Dance d’Ecole, wants unity and expressive gestures, dance unifies, no technical display, no masks, simpler costumes, Ballet d’Action.
Term
Ballet d'action
Definition
???
Term
Jean Georges Noverre
Definition
???
Term
Jean Dauberval
Definition
dancer and choreographer of the style “ comic/grotesque” and blended classical and peasant.
Term
La Fille Mal Gardee, the Ill-guarded girl, 1789
Definition
date of the French revolution, a play about regular people, no god or godess, girl loves peasant and wants to marry him for love, mother wants her to marry a wealthy man, peasant gets girl, weeks before French revolution.
Term
French Revolution, 1789
Definition
monarchy beheaded, Napoleon comes to power
Term
Changes in dance after French revolution
Definition
radical change, Paris Opera Ballet used to reflect aristocracy, now about ordinary citizens, freer costumes and movement, ideals about individuals grow, men and women equal on stage, supernatural theme, 1820: women pose briefly on pointe
Term
Box pointe shoes, 1860
Definition
came to Paris Opera, disappear from performing in Paris Opera; women play roles on men.
Term
Carlo Blasis, Elementary treatise 1820, Code of Teropsichore 1828
Definition
teacher who wrote treatise in 1820, understanding of how the body worked= physics, created attitude position, came from statue of mercury, rigorous classes.
Term
Romantic era
Definition
a time of social upheaval caused by the French Revolution. Ideas of individual, monarchy beheaded, sciences gains greater importance. Middle class rises, idealization of nature time of enormous change. Capitalism because of industrial revolution. Romanticism and dance: romantic tutu skirt and tight bodice.