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CHAPTER 15
chapter 15 review question/answers
25
Psychology
06/07/2011

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Term
Psychological disorders that researchers believe are learned, such as phobias, are most likely to be treated with
Definition
B) Psychotherapy
Term
Mental health therapies that involve prescribed drugs or other procedures that act directly on a patient's nervous system are
Definition
C) Biomedical therapies
Term
Which of the following therapists would most likely try to understand an adult's psychological disorder by exploring that person's childhood experiences?
Definition
A) a psychoanalyst
Term
A central therapeutic technique of psychoanalysis is
Definition
D) free association
Term
Instead of focusing on the cure of psychological disorders, _______ therapies seek to promote personal growth and self-fulfillment.
Definition
D) humanistic
Term
When Murli told his therapist, "I came to see what you could do for me," the therapist responded, "It sounds like you're feeling you need some help. Am I right?" The therapist's response illustrates the technique of
Definition
C) active listening
Term
Systematic desensitization involves
Definition
D) associating a pleasant relaxed state with anxiety-arousing stimuli
Term
Relaxing one muscle group after another until one achieves a completely relaxed state of comfort is called _______ relaxation.
Definition
C) progressive
Term
In treating alcohol dependency, therapists have clients consume alcohol that contains a nausea-producing drug. This technique is known as
Definition
C) aversive conditioning
Term
Praising socially withdrawn children when they have eye contact with others and ignoring them after a temper tantrum best illustrates an application of
Definition
C) operant conditioning
Term
A token economy represents an application of the principles of
Definition
A) operant conditioning
Term
Group therapy is typically more effective than individual therapy for
Definition
B) enabling people to discover that others have problems similar to their own
Term
Which form of therapy is most likely to emphasize the importance of examining a person's role within a social system?
Definition
C) family therapy
Term
A famous 12-step program is associated with
Definition
D) AA
Term
People often enter psychotherapy during a period of crisis in their lives. This helps us understand why they
Definition
C) tend to overestimate the effectiveness of their psychotherapy
Term
Clients often stay in touch with their psychotherapists only if satisfied with the treatment they received. This helps us understand why therapists
Definition
D) tend to overestimate the effectiveness of psychotherapy
Term
The placebo effect refers to
Definition
D) the beneficial consequences of merely expecting that a treatment will be effective
Term
Colette received a surprisingly high grade on her first biology test. She failed to perform as well on her second test, even though she studied equally for both tests. Which of the following best explains Colette's deteriorating pattern of performance?
Definition
D) regression toward the mean
Term
Unusual ESP subjects who defy chance when first tested nearly always lose their "psychic powers" when retested. This decline is best explained in terms of
Definition
C) regression towards the mean
Term
Which of the following scientifically unsupported treatment approaches should be avoided?
Definition
C) facilitated communication
Term
Psychopharmacology involves the study of how
Definition
C) drugs affect mind and behavior
Term
Double-blind studies enable researchers to assess the extent to which drug therapy outcomes are attributable to
Definition
B) the placebo effect
Term
Electroconvulsive therapy has proven to be effective in the treatment of
Definition
D) depression
Term
Bolstering parents' teachers' skills at nurturing children's achievement and resulting self-esteem best illustrates
Definition
D) preventive mental health
Term
One group of ocean voyagers is given a new but untested pill for seasickness and a second group is given an inactive pill. Neither the voyagers nor the experimental researchers know which group has received the new pill. In this experiment, the investigators are making us of
Definition
D) the double-blind technique