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Cat Breeds
Sydney Uni 1st year
47
Veterinary Medicine
05/31/2010

Additional Veterinary Medicine Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term
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Definition

American Shorthair

100 different varieties of colors (blacks, whites, silvers, creams, reds, browns, greys, and tabby mixes), but their
eyes, pad color, and nose will always match their coloring.

 

Their tail tapers to a blunt tip and has no kinks.

Term
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Definition

Abyssinian

 

-distinctly ticked, tawny coat

 

-tail and paws may show tabby
markings, but the body must not.

 

-large almond‐shaped green or gold eyes with a fine dark line around them


-large ears

 

-coat is generally
a warm golden colour, but can also be blue, fawn,
cinnamon and red

 

-Silver Abyssinian variant whose coat shows shades of
white, cream and grey.

Term
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Definition
American Curl American Curl cats are a type of
cat with unusual ears. The cat's
ears curl back from the face in a
smooth arc toward the center of
the back of the skull. The
American Curl is a medium size cat
(7]11 lbs) with no health
handicaps associated with the
curled ears. These cats are strong
and healthy remarkably free of
genetic defects that affect many
purebred cats, and will not reach
maturity until 2]3 years of age. If
the American Curl cat's ears are
curled, it will not be apparent until two or three days after the birth,
and will take their final form after four months.
Term
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Definition
American WirehairThe unique wirehair coat is
genetically dominant over a
normal coat, unlike the gene
that creates rex fur. The fur is
springy, dense and coarse, and
even their whiskers are often
curled. Many find it pleasant to
the touch. It is unusual in that
this coat has not appeared
among other cats (most
mutations occur in various
places), and all wirehairs can
trace their ancestry back to
Adam. Apart from the wiry
coat, they are strong, muscular
cats, built similarly to American
Shorthairs. They come in a
variety of colors.
Term
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Definition
Bombay
The bombay is a muscular, agile
cat with a black coat. The heads
of bombay cats are rounded
and wide, with a short tapered
muzzle. The eyes are rounded
and set wide and have golden
or copper coloured eyes and
their ears are broad and slightly
rounded medium sized and,
like the eyes, are set wide The
bombay as a coat that is short,
satiny and tight to the body,
Bombay cats do not require
grooming although petting the
cat will keep the coat shiny and
will also remove dead hair. A
rubber brush can help when
the bombay sheds larger.
Term
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Definition
Bengal
Bengal cats are either spotted
or have marbled patterns on
their coats. Spots with multiple
colors, or ringed spots are
particularly desired. The
following colors and patterns
are recognized: Brown Spotted
Tabby, Brown Marbled Tabby,
Seal Sepia Spotted Tabby, Seal
Sepia Marbled Tabby, Seal Mink
Spotted Tabby, Seal Mink
Marbled Tabby, Seal Spotted
Lynx Point and Seal Marbled
Lynx Point only. Silver Spotted,
Silver Marbled and Melanistic
(black) are additional colors
and patterns not yet recognized
by all breeding associations
that accept the Bengal cat.
Term
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Definition
British Shorthair
British Shorthairs have very dense,
soft coat s. The eyes are large, round
and copper in colour. The head is
round with chubby cheeks. The body
is rounded and sturdy. The breed has
a broad chest, shoulders and hips
with short legs, round paws and a
plush tail. Males weigh about 14 lb
(6 kg). The British Shorthair may be
any colour or pattern, but the 'blue'
variant is common enough to have a
name of its own: the 'British Blue‘.
The lifespan of this breed is 14 to 20
years.
Term
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Definition
Burmese
Burmese Cats are clever and
playful and many retrieve like this
brown BurmeseThe Burmese is a
foreign shorthair, categorised by
colour into brown (or seal), blue,
chocolate, , lilac, red, cream and
tortoise shell. They have yellow
eyes and a very short satiny coat.
They are heavier than they look,
as they are very muscular. By the
standards of pedigreed they are
long]lived, many reaching 16 to
18 years.
Term
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Definition
Corish Rex
A Cornish Rex Cat is notable for
its lack of hair except for down.
Most breeds of cat have three
types of hair in their coats: the
outer fur or "guard", which is
about 5 cm long in shorthairs
and 10cm+ long in longhairs, a
middle layer called the "awn
hair", and finally the down hair
or undercoat is between 5 and
10 years, which is very fine and
about 1 cm long. Cornish Rexes
have only the undercoat.
Term
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Definition
Egyptian Mau
The Egyptian Mau Cat is the
only naturally spotted breed
of domesticated cat. The
spots on an Egyptian Mau are
not just on the coat; a shaved
Mau has spots on its skin. Its
medium]length body is
muscular, with the hind legs
longer than the front, giving
the Mau the appearance of
standing on tiptoes when
upright. The Mau also has a
loose flap of skin on the lower
abdomen similar to the
cheetah.
Term
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Definition
Chartreux
Physically, the Chartreux is
large and muscular with short
but powerful limbs, big paws
and very fast reflexes. They
are known for their blue
double]thickness fur coats
and gold] or copper]colored
eyes. Chartreux cats are
known for their "smile"; due
to the structure of their heads
and long, tapered muzzle,
they often appear to be
smiling.
Term
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Definition
Devon Rex
The Devon Rex Cat is a fairly
recent breed of cat with a
sparse, curly, very soft coat
similar to that of the Cornish
Rex. Devons, which are
medium sized cats, are often
called "pixie cats" or "alien
cats" because of their unique
appearance. Their
uncommonly large ears are
set low on the sides of their
wide heads, their eyes are
large, and their noses are
slightly upturned. Their body
type is distinctly lightly]built
Term
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Definition
Exotic Shorthair
The Exotic has a
compact, powerfullybuilt
body with a short,
thick neck. Its large
round eyes, short snub
nose, sweet facial
expression, and small
ears give it a highly
neoteric appearance
that many people
consider cute.
Term
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Definition
Havana Brown
The Havana Brown is a
moderately sized, muscular
short]haired cat with a body of
average length. The coat color
must be brown, typically
reddish]brown, with no tabby
markings. g Whiskers should also
be brown and the eye color
should be green. The head
should be slightly longer than
wide and the nose should have
a distinct stop at the eyes.
Males tend to be larger than
females and are average in
weight compared with other
breeds.
Term
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Definition
Korat
Korats are a shorthair with a
small to medium build and a
low percentage of body fat;
their bodies are often
described as semi]cobby, and
are surprisingly heavy for their
size. They are an active cat and
form strong bonds through
their excretory and with
people. Korats are one of ony
several breeds that have only
one colour: a silvery gray that
often has lavender undertones
] generally called blue in the cat
world, although it is notably
different in viewing from other
'blue' cats.
Term
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Definition
Korat
Korats are a shorthair with a
small to medium build and a
low percentage of body fat;
their bodies are often
described as semi]cobby, and
are surprisingly heavy for their
size. They are an active cat and
form strong bonds through
their excretory and with
people. Korats are one of ony
several breeds that have only
one colour: a silvery gray that
often has lavender undertones
] generally called blue in the cat
world, although it is notably
different in viewing from other
'blue' cats.
Term
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Definition
Japanese Bobtail
The Japanese Bobtail has
unusual 'bobbed' tail more
closely resembling the tail of
a rabbit than that of an
ordinary feline. The short tail
is caused by the expression of
a recessive gene. Thus, so
long as both parents are
bobtail all kittens born to a
litter will have bobtails as
well. Unlike the Manx and
other cat breeds, where
genetic disorders are
common to tailless or
stumpy]tails, no such problem
exists with the Japanese
Bobtail.
Term
Definition
Term
Definition
Term
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Definition
Japanese Bobtail
The Japanese Bobtail has
unusual 'bobbed' tail more
closely resembling the tail of
a rabbit than that of an
ordinary feline. The short tail
is caused by the expression of
a recessive gene. Thus, so
long as both parents are
bobtail all kittens born to a
litter will have bobtails as
well. Unlike the Manx and
other cat breeds, where
genetic disorders are
common to tailless or
stumpy]tails, no such problem
exists with the Japanese
Bobtail.
Term
[image]
Definition
Manx
The Manx Cat has a naturally
occurring mutation of the spine.
This mutation shortens the tail,
result in a range of tail lengths from
normal to tailless. The hind legs are
longer than the front legs, creating
a continuous arch from shoulders to
rump giving the cat a rounded
appearance. Manx cats move with
more like a hop than a stride when
running; in this aspect, they
resemble rabbits more than cats.
Many Manx have a small 'stub' of a
tail but Manx cats are best known as
being entirely tailless: it is the
distinguishing characteristic of the
breed.
Term
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Definition
Manx
The Manx Cat has a naturally
occurring mutation of the spine.
This mutation shortens the tail,
result in a range of tail lengths from
normal to tailless. The hind legs are
longer than the front legs, creating
a continuous arch from shoulders to
rump giving the cat a rounded
appearance. Manx cats move with
more like a hop than a stride when
running; in this aspect, they
resemble rabbits more than cats.
Many Manx have a small 'stub' of a
tail but Manx cats are best known as
being entirely tailless: it is the
distinguishing characteristic of the
breed.
Term
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Definition
Ocicat
He has muscular, medium to
long legs. He has the distinctive
tabby "M" on the forehead
which extends over the head
and breaks into small spots
when it reaches the lower neck
and shoulders. He is also
distinctly marked with round
spots running in rows along his
spine from the shoulder blades
to his tail. His belly also will
exhibit these spots.
The pedigreed Ocicat always has
spots but comes in a number of
colour varieties from tawny,
chocolate to lavender silver and
fawn silver with chocolate and
cinnamon combinations.
Term
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Definition
Oriental Shorthair
Oriental Shorthairs are
like the Siamese in body
type and personality.
They share the long,
fine]boned legs and tail,
tubular body, wedgeshaped
head and large
ears. The Oriental breed
is available in the widest
array of colors and
patterns of any breed.
Term
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Definition
Siamese
Siamese body indicates an
elegant, slim, stylish, flexible
and well muscled. Its head is
triangular shaped, thin snout,
the eyes are almond]shaped
and oblique, the ears are large,
thin, long neck, just as his body
and tail. Her hair is short,
glossy, fine, soft, tight and
adhered to the body. The
Siamese is characterized by its
typical pointed color scheme.
Term
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Definition
Snowshoe
The ears are large, with
a triangular head that
most often has black
markings. The eyes are
blue. The coat is shorthaired
and is white and
gray. The tail is mediumsized.
There are several
varieties, such as Bluepoint,
Fawn]point,
Chocolate]point and
Seal]point.
Term
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Definition
Russian Blue
The Russian Blue Cat has a
lean medium‐sized body
and a short, plush blue
coat. This coat is unique in
that it is a double coat, with
the undercoat being a soft
and downy and the longer
guard hairs an even blue
with the silver tips. This
"tipping" gives the coat a
shimmering appearance. Its
eyes are green and ideally
should be dark and vivid.
Term
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Definition
Sinapura
The Singapura Cat is an alert, healthy,
medium sized cat. The body has good
bone structure and is faily stocky and
muscular, yet they are elegant in
movement. Body colour is an golden
ivory with a soft warm effect, ticked
with sepia brown. Each hair has at least
two bands of sepia brown ticking,
separated by light bands ] light next to
skin, and dark tip. Muzzle, chest,
stomach and inner legs are an unticked
light ivory colour. Singapuras should
have some barring on their inner front
legs and back knees. The coat is short,
fine, silky, and close]lying.
Term
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Definition
Sphynx
The Sphynx Cat (also known as
the Canadian Hairless) is a rare
breed with extremely little fur,
or at most a short fuzz over its
body, and no whiskers. Their
skin is the color their fur would
be, and all the usual cat marking
patterns (solid, point, van,
tabby, tortie, etc) may be found
in Sphynx too. They are
sometimes mistaken for
Chihuahuas because of their
extremely unusual and uncatlike
appearance.
Term
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Definition
Tonkinese
Tonkinese Cats are a
medium]sized shorthaired
cat distinguished
by points as with
Siamese and
Himalayans. Tonks
exhibit a wide variety of
coat colors and patterns.
The three main patterns
are natural, mink, and
point.
Term
[image]
Definition
Birman
The Birman cat has a pale cream
coloured body and coloured points
of Seal, Blue, Chocolate, Lilac, Lynx
or Red Factor colors on the legs, tail
and face. The body varies from
Persian]type to Siamese]type.
Birmans differ from conventional
colour]point cats by their white
paws called "gloves". The coat is
medium]length, not as long and
thick as a Persian's, and does not
mat.
Term
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Definition
Norwegian Forest Cat
Norwegian Forest cats have a
thick fluffy double]layered coat,
tufted ears and a long bushy tail
to protect them against the cold.
Their coat is essentially
waterproof due to its coarse
outer layer and dense underlay.
They are very large cats with
adult males weighing 6 to 10 kg
(13 to 22 lb), while females are
approximately half that size. Their
hind legs are longer than their
front legs.
Term
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Definition
Balinese and Javanese
The Balinese Cat is an oriental looking cat
with long hair and Siamese]style
markings, or points. They resemble a
Siamese with a medium]length silky coat
and a plumed tail, but are not nearly as
fluffy as a Himalayan, and they require
much less grooming. Balinese are
extremely intelligent cats, although less
talkative than their Siamese ancestors.
Javanese Cats have a long, silky coat in a
variety of colours. They are highly
intelligent, and resemble the Balinese Cat.
Their appearance is that of a long]haired
Balinese (a long]haired Siamese), the
Javanese was developed to add additional
colors and patterns to the traditional
Balinese colors of seal, chocolate, blue
and lilac.
Term
[image]
Definition
Balinese and Javanese
The Balinese Cat is an oriental looking cat
with long hair and Siamese]style
markings, or points. They resemble a
Siamese with a medium]length silky coat
and a plumed tail, but are not nearly as
fluffy as a Himalayan, and they require
much less grooming. Balinese are
extremely intelligent cats, although less
talkative than their Siamese ancestors.
Javanese Cats have a long, silky coat in a
variety of colours. They are highly
intelligent, and resemble the Balinese Cat.
Their appearance is that of a long]haired
Balinese (a long]haired Siamese), the
Javanese was developed to add additional
colors and patterns to the traditional
Balinese colors of seal, chocolate, blue
and lilac.
Term
[image]
Definition
Maine Coon
The Maine Coon is a breed of
domestic cat well known for its
distinctive physical
appearance. It is a longhaired,
or medium]haired, cat. The
coat is soft and silky, although
texture may vary with coat
color. The length is shorter on
the head, and shoulders and
longer on the stomach and
flanks with some cats having a
lion]like ruff around their neck.
Term
[image]
Definition
Persian
A show]quality Persian
has an extremely long
thick coat, short legs, a
wide head with the ears
set far apart, large eyes,
and an extremely
foreshortened muzzle.
Term
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Definition
Ragdoll
The Ragdoll is a large, semilonghaired
cat, exhibiting the
pointed pattern in three
varieties: colorpoint, bicolor,
and mitted. Coat colors can be
routine, blue, chocolate, and
lilac point colors, either with
or without markings on the
face and feet. In some
associations they are also
available in nonstandard
colors, such as red (flame) and
lynx point
Term
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Definition
Selkirk Rex
The Selkirk Rex is a
breed of cat with
highly curled hair,
including the whiskers
(vibrissae). It is
distinct from all other
Rex breeds.
Term
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Definition
2
Ragdoll
The Ragdoll is a large, semilonghaired
cat, exhibiting the
pointed pattern in three
varieties: colorpoint, bicolor,
and mitted. Coat colors can be
routine, blue, chocolate, and
lilac point colors, either with
or without markings on the
face and feet. In some
associations they are also
available in nonstandard
colors, such as red (flame) and
lynx point.
Scottish Fold
The Scottish Fold Cat is
recognised by its unique ear
shape, the cartilage of which
contains a fold so the ears
bend forward and down
relaxed to the front of their
head.
Selkirk Rex
The Selkirk Rex is a
breed of cat with
highly curled hair,
including the whiskers
(vibrissae). It is
distinct from all other
Rex breeds.
Siberian
Siberian is a strong and
powerfully built cat, with
strong hindquarters and
large, well rounded paws.
Siberians are solid cats,
weighing, on average,
between 11 to 15 pounds
for the males, and 9 to 12
pounds for females, the cat
is heavily boned and barrel
chested, giving the breed its
characteristic "bull dog
stance" look.
Somali
Somalis have a striking, bushy
tail, which, combined with
their ruddy coat, has earned
them the nickname of "fox
cats" in some circles. Their
coats are ticked, which is a
variation on tabby markings.
They have a dark rim around
their eyes that makes them
look like they are wearing
kohl and they have a small
amount of white on their
muzzles and chins/throats.
Term
[image]
Definition
Scottish Fold
The Scottish Fold Cat is
recognised by its unique ear
shape, the cartilage of which
contains a fold so the ears
bend forward and down
relaxed to the front of their
head.
Term
[image]
Definition
Siberian
Siberian is a strong and
powerfully built cat, with
strong hindquarters and
large, well rounded paws.
Siberians are solid cats,
weighing, on average,
between 11 to 15 pounds
for the males, and 9 to 12
pounds for females, the cat
is heavily boned and barrel
chested, giving the breed its
characteristic "bull dog
stance" look.
Term
[image]
Definition
Siberian
Siberian is a strong and
powerfully built cat, with
strong hindquarters and
large, well rounded paws.
Siberians are solid cats,
weighing, on average,
between 11 to 15 pounds
for the males, and 9 to 12
pounds for females, the cat
is heavily boned and barrel
chested, giving the breed its
characteristic "bull dog
stance" look.
Term
[image]
Definition
Siberian
Siberian is a strong and
powerfully built cat, with
strong hindquarters and
large, well rounded paws.
Siberians are solid cats,
weighing, on average,
between 11 to 15 pounds
for the males, and 9 to 12
pounds for females, the cat
is heavily boned and barrel
chested, giving the breed its
characteristic "bull dog
stance" look.
Term
[image]
Definition
Turkish Angora
They mostly have a white,
silky, medium]long length
coat, no undercoat and
fine bone structure. Ears
are sharp and relatively
bigger, head is long and
wide. Another
characteristic is the tail,
which is kept parallel to
the back.
Term
[image]
Definition
Turkish Angora
They mostly have a white,
silky, medium]long length
coat, no undercoat and
fine bone structure. Ears
are sharp and relatively
bigger, head is long and
wide. Another
characteristic is the tail,
which is kept parallel to
the back.
Term
[image]
Definition
Turkish Van
The coat is considered semi]long
haired. While many cats have
three distinct hair types in their
coat, guard hairs, awn hairs and
down hairs, the Turkish Van only
has one. This makes their coat
feel like cashmere or rabbit fur,
and the coat dries quickly when
wet. The cats have evolved a
coat that grows thick in the
winter with a large ruff and
bottlebrush tail for the harsh
winters and then sheds out
short in the body for the warm
summers.
Term
[image]
Definition
Turkish Van
The coat is considered semi]long
haired. While many cats have
three distinct hair types in their
coat, guard hairs, awn hairs and
down hairs, the Turkish Van only
has one. This makes their coat
feel like cashmere or rabbit fur,
and the coat dries quickly when
wet. The cats have evolved a
coat that grows thick in the
winter with a large ruff and
bottlebrush tail for the harsh
winters and then sheds out
short in the body for the warm
summers.