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Biblical
AP English Allusions
29
English
09/15/2007

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Cards

Term
Absolom
Definition
a son who brings heartache to his father; from the third son of David, King of Israel. Exiled for three years before he was allowed to return to the court or see his royal father; plotted to cause a rebellion against his father to overtake the kingdom because he heard Solomon was to succeed David. When he was killed in battle, King David grieved for his son in spite of his treachery against him.
Term
Alpha and Omega
Definition
the beginning and the end, from a quote in Revelations in the New Testament
Term
Cain
Definition
a brother who kills a brother; from the story of Adam and Eve's son, who killed his brother out of jealousy
Term
Daniel
Definition
one known for wisdom and accurate judgment; from a wise leader in the Old Testament who was able to read the handwriting on the wall
Term
David and Bathsheba
Definition
represents a big sin; from King ____'s affair with ____;the wife of Uriah. After they had an afair and she became pregnant, had her husband Uriah put on the front lines of battle so he would die. The "____ Affair" formed a critical turning point in King ____'s life. Prior to this, he had prospered greatly, but afterward, his personal fortunes were greatly diminished. Nathan the prophet confronted ____ after he took ____ for his wife and trapped him into admitting his own guilt.
Term
Eye of the Needle
Definition
a very difficult task; from a famous narrow gateway called "the ____." In the New Testament, Jesus said it was easier for a camel to go through the ____ than for a rich man to enter heaven.
Term
Filthy Lucre
Definition
money or profits; from a story in the New Testament of Jesus casting moneylenders out of the Temple
Term
Goliath
Definition
a large person; from the giant from the Philistine city of Gath, slain by David, when he was a shepherd boy
Term
Good Samaritan
Definition
someone who helps another person, perhaps someone of a different race or background; from a New Testament parable about a ____, a traditional enemy of the Hebrews, who stopped to help a Jewish man who had been beaten and left for dead at the side of the road.
Term
Handwriting on the wall
Definition
what the future holds; from the Old Testament story of Daniel, who was able to accurately predict some ____ (translated, it predicted the imminent death of the king)
Term
Ishmael
Definition
one who is cast out as being unworthy; the son of Abraham and his handmaiden Hagar, he was cast out into the desert when his wife Sarah had their song Isaac; therefore said to be the ancestor of the nomadic desert tribes of Arabs
Term
Jacob
Definition
grandson of Abraham, son of Isaac and Rebekah, brother of Esau, and hte traditional ancestor of Israelites. His name was changed to Israel, and his twelve sons became the 12 Tribes of Israel.
Term
Job
Definition
one who suffers a great deal but remains faithful; from an Old Testament character whose faith in God was tested by Satan; though he lost his family and belongings, he remained patient and faithful
Term
Job's comforters
Definition
"friends" who try to help by bringing blame; ironically, Job's "comforters" didn't comfort at all but were the source of more affliction
Term
Jonah
Definition
one who brings bad luck; an Old Testament prophet who ran from God and sailed to sea. When a storm arose, he admitted that he was the cause, and the sailors threw him overboard, where he was swallowed by a large fish.
Term
Judas
Definition
a traitor or a treachorous kiss (a ____ kiss); one of the 12 Apostles, notorious for betraying Jesus. His surname in Latin means "murderer" or "assassin." ____ disclosed Jesus' whereabouts to the chief priests and elders for thirty pieces of silver.
Term
King Ahab and Jezebel
Definition
an evil king of Israel and his treacherous evil wife, synonymous today with evil. Through her marriage to the king, she introduced the worship of Baal, an idol, to Israel, inciting mutual enmity with the prophets. She instigated the murder Naboth for the possession of a vineyard. Today, her name means a brazen or forward woman.
Term
Manna
Definition
a sustaining life-giving source of food; from the sweetish bread-like food that fell from heaven for the Israelites as they crossed the Sinai Desert to the Promised Land with Moses
Term
Original Sin/The Fall
Definition
the idea that all men are innately sinful as a result of Adam and Eve's fall from the state of innocence. When they ate of the forbidden fruit, they were cast out of the Biblical Garden of Eden; a post-biblical expression for the doctrine of Adam's transgression and mankind's consequential inheritance of a sinful nature because he ate the forbidden fruit from the Tree of Knowledge.
Term
Peart of Great Price
Definition
something so precious that one would devote everything to or give up everything for it. In one of Jesus' parables, the kingdom of heaven is compared to a ____, or value, found by a merchant.
Term
Philistine
Definition
a person indifferent or hostile to the arts and refinement; from Sea-going people from Crete who became enemies of the Israelites and fought over their lands
Term
Prodigal Son
Definition
a wasteful son who disappoints his father; from the New Testament parable of a man with two sons. When he split his estate between the two, the younger son gathered his fortune and left home to live the wild life, while the older son stayed home to work in the fields. When the younger son spent all of the money, he came crawling back to his father, who accepted him, pardoning his error by saying he was "lost but was found."
Term
Ruth and Naomi
Definition
paragons (or examples) of love between in-laws; faithful friends. From the Old Testament story of ____, who, when her husband died in battle, left her own land to travel with his mother back to her people.
Term
Samson and Delilah
Definition
treacherous love story. ____, and Israelite hero and legendary warrior with extraordinary physical strength, fell in love with ____, a Philistine. When ____ learned that ____'s hair was the source of his strength, she betrayed him by accepting a Philistine bribe to cut off his hair while he slept. Today, the name ____ is associated with a voluptuous, treacherous woman.
Term
Scapegoat
Definition
one that is made an object of blame for others; the goat was symbolically burdened with the sins of Jewish people and thrown over a precipice outside of Jerusalem to rid the nation of iniquities
Term
Sepulcher
Definition
tomb in the Old Testament
Term
Sodom and Gomorrah
Definition
any place associated with wickedness or sin; from the evil cities of the Old Testament that were destroyed by fire
Term
Solomon
Definition
an extremely wise person; from the son of King David, the Israelite king who wrote Proverbs, and was known for wisdom
Term
Twelve Tribes of Israel
Definition
according to the Old Testament, the Hebrew people took possession of hte Promised Land of Canaan after the death of Moses and named the tribes after the sons and grandson of Jacob (whose name was changed to Israel): Reuben, Simeon, Judah, Issachar, Zebulum, Gad, Asher, Dan, Naphtali, Joseph, Manasseh, and Ephraim.