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Ap Study Guide CH9
Byzantine Empire
46
History
11/13/2007

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Term
Why is the Byzantine Empire seen as a direct Descendant of the Roman Empire?
Definition
It is considered the political heir
Term
How long did the Byzantine Empire Last?
Definition
950 years from 500 to 1450 C.E.
Term
The significance of the Byzantine Empire was...?
Definition
It was one of the most powerful and long lasting empires in history.
Term
What was the most important "stepchild" of the Byzantine Civilization?
Definition
Russia
Term
Describe the similarities between the spread of civilizations in Eastern and Western Europe.
Definition

Both spread northward and gave way to Monotheism.

Term

Describe the similarities between the spread of civilization in Eastern and Western Europe.

Definition
Produced different versions of Christianity
Term
The capital of the Byzantine Empire and its commercial center are located at...?
Definition
Constantinople
Term
The emperor responsible for the initial construction of Constantinople was...?
Definition
Emperor Constantine
Term
What was the difference in the military organization of Byzantine and western Roman Empires?
Definition
It recruited armies from the middle east, not barbarian troops
Term
What was the great church built in Constantinople by Justinian?
Definition
Hogia Sophia
Term
Starting with the rein of Justinian, what was the official language of the eastern empire?
Definition
Latin
Term
The Byzantine Empire began in what year? By who?
Definition
4th century C.E. by the Romans
Term
Who was the brillian genral who helped Justinian achieve military gains in North Africa and Italy?
Definition
Belisarius
Term

The name normally given to the form of Christianity that emerged in the Byzantine Empire was...?

Definition
Orthodox
Term

What Eastern emperor was responsible for the attempted restoration of a united Roman Empire after 533?

 

Definition
Justinian
Term
What were Justinian's positive contributions to the Byzantine Empire?
Definition
The reconstruction of Constantinople
Term

The former courtesan who was Justinian's wife and advisor was?

Definition
Theodora
Term

The Slavic kigndom that particularly pressed Byzantine territory in the Balkans after the eighth century C.E. was?

Definition
Bulgaria
Term
What were the outcomes of Justinian's wars of reconquest
Definition
Attack from Persian and Slavic forces and loss of middle eastern territory
Term
After the Seventh century, what group posed the greatest threat to the eastern frontiers of the Byzantine Empire?
Definition
Arab Muslim
Term
What was the technological innovation that aided the Byzantine Empire in withstanding the Mslim siege of Constantinople in 717?
Definition

Greek Fire, a petrolleum quicklime and sulfur mixture.

Term
How did the conflict between the Byzantine Empire and the Arab Muslims affect the small farmers of the empire?
Definition
It weakened them, due to heavier Taxes
Term
What overall conclusion might be drawn about the Byzantine Empire as the result of its conflicts with is neighbors?
Definition
It was a great kingdom but due to overambitous leaders, it was weakened from it's highest point of power.
Term
Byzantine cultural life centered on the secular tradition of...?
Definition
Hellenism
Term
What emperor became renowned in the eleventh century as the slayer of the Bulgars by defeating the Bulgarian Kingdom and restoring Byzantine rule in the Balkans?
Definition
Basil II(A.K.A. Bulgaroktomos)
Term
In which ways were the Byzantine Bureaucracy and the Chinese bureaucracy similar?
Definition
The Emperor was ordained to be a god.
Term
Where did the Byzantines get their military from? What rewards could they expect?
Definition
Locally, Grants of Land.
Term
What city was the most important in the Byzantine Empire and why? How did this affect other cities? give one example
Definition
Constantinople, large peasentry class caused a higher demand of food for Constantinople, which left other cities(such as Athens) to dwindle.
Term
What were the primary exports of the Byzanitne Empre?
Definition
Silk, Spice,Cloth, and Carpets.
Term

What power did the merchant class of the Byzantine have? Why?

Definition
Not significant. The elaborate network of government
Term
What were examples of Byzantine cultural life?
Definition
The destructon of a Saint's biography written by a peasent.
Term
The religious controversy over the use of religious images in worship that broke out in the eighth century was called?
Definition
Iconoclasm
Term
What was the result of the conflict over the use of religious images in the Orthodox Church?
Definition
The use of icons was restored gradually along with State Control over church affairs
Term
What were causes for the split between the Roman Catholic and Orthodox after 1054?
Definition
A Church Patriarch who raised a host of old issues
Term
In the eleventh century, what group of people seized most of the asiatic provinces of the Byzantine Empire?
Definition
Seljuks
Term
What was the outcome of the western crusade of 1204?
Definition
The loss of Constantinople
Term
In what year did the ottoman turks successfully capture Constantinople and bring the Byzantine Empire to a close?
Definition
1461
Term
What two missionaries were responsible for the creation of a written script for Slavic Language?
Definition
Curil and Methodius
Term
The Slavic alphabet created by the Orthodox missionaries to the Slavs is called?
Definition
Cyrillic
Term

Which country converted to Orthodox Christianity?

Which areas/countries were Roman Catholic?

Definition

Europe

 Czech and Hungary

Term
The kingdom of Kiev in southern Russia was established by traders from what region?
Definition
Scandinavain
Term
The first king of Kievan Russia was...?
Definition
Rurik
Term
Why did Vladimir I prefer Orthodox Christianity to Roman Catholicism?
Definition
He feared he would come under the Papal's influence
Term

Which of the Kievan Princes issued a formal legal code?

Definition
Taroslav
Term
What group of peoples were responsible for the conquest of Kievan Russia in 1236?
Definition
The Mongols
Term

What affect did the tatar invasion of Russia have on Russian Christianity and Russian Aristocracy?

Definition
They did not destroy Russian Christianity or Aristocracy