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AP Psych Other mid term
questions that weren't on the other tests but on the midterm
28
Psychology
12/10/2010

Additional Psychology Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term

Which of the following drugs is classified as a stimulant?

A. marijuana

B. morphine

C. alcohol

D. nicotine

E. LSD

Definition
D. nicotine
Term

As you are reading this question, the cells in your eyes are firing in response to the light coming from this paper.  Which type of neuron is carrying this message to the brain?

A. interneuron

B. sensory

C. presynaptic

D. motor

E. efferent

Definition
B. sensory
Term

An axon is

A. a cell that serves as the basic building block of the nervous system.

B. a layer of fatty tissue that encases the fibers of many neurons.

C. an antaonist molecule that blocks neurotransmitter receptor sites.

D. the extension of a neuron that carries messges away from the cell body.

E. A junction between a sending and receiving neuron.

Definition
D. the extension of a neuron that carries messges away from the cell body.
Term

One theory suggests that the brain activity associated with __________ is helpful for developing and preserving neural pathways in the brain.

A. night terrors

B. near-death experiences

C. sleep apnea

D. dreaming

E. hypnagogic sensations

Definition
D. dreaming
Term

The selective permeability of a neural membrane creates a(n)

A. myelin sheath.

B. resting potential.

C. neural network.

D. reuptake.

E. dendrite.

Definition
B. resting potential.
Term

An all-or-none response pattern is characteristic of the

A. initiation of neural impulses.

B. release of endorphins into the central nervous system.

C. release of hormones into the bloodstream.

D. activation of either the sympathetic or the parasympathetic system.

E. excitation of the antagonistic hormonal system.

Definition
A. initiation of neural impulses.
Term

People are particularly responsive to hypnosis if they

A. strongly expect that they can be hypnotized.

B. are below average in intelligence and education.

C. are easily distracted and have difficulty focusing attention.

D. suffer a physical or psychological dependence on alcohol.

E. were diagnosed with a psychological disorder at one time in their lives.

Definition
A. strongly expect that they can be hypnotized.
Term

The lack of the neurotransmitter orexin has been linked to which of the following?

A. sleep apnea

B. paradoxical sleep

C. insomnia

D. narcolepsy

E. sleepwalking

Definition
D. narcolepsy
Term

The movement of positively charged ions across the membrane of a neuron can produce a(n)

A. action potential.

B. synapse.

C. neurotransmitters.

D. myelin sheath.

E. interneuron.

Definition
A. action potential.
Term

Daniel Kahneman and his colleagues found that the daily moods of working women were most heavily influenced by

A. weather conditions.

B. job security.

C. a good night's sleep.

D. their ability to purchase luxury goods.

E. dissociative episodes.

Definition
C. a good night's sleep.
Term

The greatest danger of viewing drug addiction as a disease is that this may lead drug addicts to

A. feel increased feelings of shame.

B. hide the drug abuse from public view.

C. feel powerless to overcome the addiction.

D. become victims of social hostility and prejudice.

E. seek help from medical professionals.

Definition
C. feel powerless to overcome the addiction.
Term

Which of the following is an amphetamine derivative that acts as a mild hallucinogen?

A. marijuana

B. Nembutal

C. ecstasy

D. heroin

E. LSD

Definition
C. ecstasy
Term

After flying from California to New York, Arthur experienced a restless, sleepless night.  His problem was most likely caused by a disruption of his normal

A. dopamine production.

B. circadian rhythm.

C. hypnagogic sensations.

D. alpha wave patterns.

E. manifest content.

Definition
B. circadian rhythm.
Term

When informed that a brief imperceptible message would be flashed repeatedly during a popular TV program, many viewers reported feeling strangely hungry or thirsty during the show.  Since the imperceptible message had nothing to do with hunger or thirst, viewers' strange reactions best illustrate

A. the McGurk effect.

B. sensory adaptation.

C. the volley principle.

D. a placebo effect.

E. accommodation.

Definition
D. a placebo effect.
Term

Increasing excitatory signals above the threshold for neural activation will not affect the intensity of an action potential.  This indicated that a neuron's reaction is

A. inhibited by the myelin sheath.

B. delayed by the refractory period.

C. an all-or-none response.

D. dependent on neurotransmitter molecules.

E. primarily electrical rather than chemical.

Definition
C. an all-or-none response.
Term

Fast and jerky movements of the eyes are especially likely to be associated with

A. sleep spindles.

B. dissociation.

C. REM sleep.

D. sleep apnea.

E. NREM sleep.

Definition
C. REM sleep.
Term

The minimum level of stimulation required to trigger a neural impulse is called the

A. reflex

B. threshold

C. synapse

D. action potential

E. refractory period

Definition
B. threshold
Term

Parapsychology refers to the

A. study of phenomena such as ESP and psychokinesis.

B. study of perceptual illusions.

C. study of the phi phenomenon.

D. direct transmission of thoughts from one mind to another.

E. direct transduction of energy into neural impulses.

Definition
A. study of phenomena such as ESP and psychokinesis.
Term

As Inge recalled her dream, she was dancing with a tall, dark gentleman when suddenly the music shifted to loud rock and the man disappeared.  According to Freud, Inge's account represents the _________ content of her dream.

A. paradoxical

B. manifest

C. latent

D. hypnagogic

E. hallucinatory

Definition
B. manifest
Term

Which theory suggests that dreams are mental responses to random bursts of neural stimulation?

A. dissociation theory

B. social influence theory

C. activation-synthesis theory

D. Freud's dream theory

E. paradoxical sleep theory

Definition
C. activation-synthesis theory
Term

The best indication that dreaming serves a necessary biological function is provided by the fact that

A. most dreams are psychologically meaningless.

B. the disruption of REM sleep leads to narcolepsy.

C. most mammals experience REM rebound.

D. sexual tension is naturally discharged during REM sleep.

E. manifest content often replaces latent content in NREM dreams.

Definition
C. most mammals experience REM rebound.
Term

The circadian rhythm is influenced by light-sensitive retinal proteins that trigger signals to the

A. suprachiasmatic nucleus.

B. dopamine reward system.

C. thyroid gland.

D. sleep spindles.

E. MDMA.

Definition
A. suprachiasmatic nucleus.
Term

DNA is a complex

A. sex hormone.

B. action potential.

C. molecule.

D. synapse.

E. neuron.

 

Definition

C. molecule.

 

Please please please don't miss this one.

Term

The depolarization of a neural membrane can create a(n)

A. action potential

B. myelin sheath

C. lesion

D. neural netowork

E. interneuron

Definition
A. action potential
Term

Which of the following is the most widely consumed psychoactive substance?

A. alcohol

B. marijuana

C. nicotine

D. cocaine

E. caffeine

Definition
E. caffeine
Term

The part of a neuron that transmits neural messages to other neurons or to muscles or glands is called the

A. dendrite

B. synapse

C. association area

D. axon

E. cell body

Definition
D. axon
Term

By triggering the release of epinephrine and norepinephrine, ___________ boosts alertness and diminishes appetite.

A. alcohol

B. heroin

C. nicotine

D. MDMA

E. THC

Definition
C. nicotine
Term
Why did Mozart kill his chicken?
Definition

It kept saying "Bach, bach bach!"

 

Hahahahahaha!