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AP HuG: Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Test on 1o.23.o8
24
Geography
10/22/2008

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Term
Agricultural Density
Definition
The rate of farmers to arable land.
Term
Agricultural Revolution
Definition
When humans domesticated plants and no longer relied on hunting for food.
Term
Arithmetic Density
Definition
The total number of people divided by land area.
Term
Census
Definition
A population count.
Term
Crude Birth Rate(CBR)
Definition
The total number of births for every thousand people alive per year.
Term
Crude Death Rate (CDR)
Definition
The total number of deaths for every thousand people alive per year.
Term
Demographic Transition
Definition
The process of change in a society from high CBR and CDR to low CBR and CDR.
Term
Demography
Definition
The scientific study of population characteristics.
Term
Dependency Ratio
Definition
The number of people too young or old to work compared to the number of people working.
Term
Doubling Time
Definition
The amount of time it takes to double a population.
Term
Ecumene
Definition
The portions of land permanently occupied by humans.
Term
Epidemiologic Transition
Definition
Causes of death in each stage of Demographic Transition.
Term
Epidemiology
Definition
The study of diseases affecting large numbers of people.
Term
Industrial Revolution
Definition
A conjunction of major improvements in industrial technology that started in England in the late 18th century, spread to the rest of Europe and North America, and lasted until the 19th.
Term
Infant Mortality Rate (IMR)
Definition
The number of deaths of infants less than a year old compared with total live births per year.
Term
Life Expectancy
Definition
The average number of years a newborn infant can expect to live at current mortality rates.
Term
Medical Revolution
Definition
A period of time where medical technology invented in Europe and North America diffused to less developed countries.
Term
Natural Increase Rate (NIR)
Definition
The percentage by which a population grows in one year.
Term
Overpopulation
Definition
When the population exceeds the capacity of the environment to support it at an acceptable standard of living.
Term
Pandemic
Definition
A disease that occurs over a wide area and affects a high proportion of the population.
Term
Physiological Density
Definition
The number of people supported by a unit of arable land.
Term
Sex Ratio
Definition
The number of males per hundred females.
Term
Total Fertility Rate (TFR)
Definition
The average number of children a woman will have.
Term
Zero Population Growth (ZPG)
Definition
When the CBR is equal to the CDR.