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Ancient Art History Mesopotamia to Mycenae
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53
Art History
10/11/2010

Additional Art History Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term

 

 

 

City-State

Definition

 

 

 

an independent, self-governing city

Term

 

 

 

composition

Definition

 

 

the way in which an artist organizes forms in an
artwork, either by placing shapes on a flat surface or arranging forms
in space.

Term

 

 

 

Register

Definition

 

 

one of a series of superimposed bands or friezes in a
pictorial narrative, or the particular levels on which motifs are placed.

Term
Definition
Term

 

 

Value Perspective

Definition

 

 

 

Size proportion

Term

 

 

 

Votive Plaque

Definition

 

 

 

gift of gratitude to a deity

Term

 

 

 

Stele

Definition

 

 

 

a carved stone slab used to mark graves or to commemorate historical events.

Term

 

 

 

Attribute

Definition

 

 

 

the distinctive identifying aspect of a person, for example,
an object held, an associated animal, or a mark on the body.

Term

 

 

 

Performative

Definition

 

 

 

the ways images could act in the world and the world
around them. Culturally embedded ideas.

Term

 

 

 

Orthostat sculptures

Definition

 

 

 

upright stone or slab structure

Term

 

 

 

Ziggurat

Definition

 

 

 

stepped pyramid. Monumental base for a temple. Held cult images. Only for priests and rulers. Sumerian.

Term

 

 

 

Columned Hall

Definition

 

 

 

Large room with lines of columns of support columns
along the hall.

Term

 

 

 

Red Crown

Definition

 

 

 

Crown of lower Egypt

Term

 

 

 

Cosmic Hierarchy

Definition

 

 

 

Figures arranged in order of where they stand in
the grand sceheme of society

Term

 

 

 

White Crown

Definition

 

 

 

Crown of upper Egypt. Shaped like a bowling pin.

Term

 

 

 

Palette

Definition

 

 

 

a slate slab used for mixing makeup. Sometimes ornately
decorated.

Term

 

 

 

Heraldic Composition

Definition

 

 

 

a composition that is symmetrically on either
side of a central figure.

Term

 

 

 

Mastaba

Definition

 

 

an Egyptian rectangular brick or stone structure with
sloping sides erected over a subterranean tomb chamber connected with the outside of the shaft.

Term

 

 

 

Serdab

Definition

 

 

 

a small concealed chamber in an Egyptian mastaba for the statue of the deceased.

Term

 

 

 

Engaged column

Definition

 

 

 

a half-rounded column attached to a wall.

Term

 

 

 

Free-standing column

Definition

 

 

 

Column not attached to a wall

Term

 

 

 

Funerary Temple

Definition

 

 

 

A temple erected for the worship of a deceased
person

Term

 

 

 

Pylon

Definition

 

 

 

the wide entrance gateway of an Egyptian temple,
characterized by its sloping walls

Term

 

 

 

Ashlar Masonry

Definition

 

 

 

Carefully cut and regularly shaped blocks of stone
used in construction, fitted together without mortar.

Term

 

 

 

Hypostyle Hall

Definition

 

 

 

A hall with a roof supported by columns. Temple of
Amon-Re at Karnak.

Term

 

 

 

Block Statue

Definition

 

 

 

a cubic stone image with simplified body parts.

Term

 

 

 

canon

Definition

 

 

 

A rule, for example, of proportion. PALATE OF NARMUR IS
CANON OF EGYPTIAN ART

Term

 

 

 

Sunken relief

Definition

 

 

 

relief in which artist cuts the design. Goes into the piece.

Term

 

 

 

Kamares ware

Definition

 

 

Minoan pottery, creamy white and reddish brown
against a black background. Sometimes abstract designs and patterns, repeating.

Term

 

 

 

Priest King Fresco (Knossos)

Definition

 

Incorporates relief with fresco.
Figure projects from background of the wall. Figure has been reconstructed on other works of the era, such as the Chieftain cup. Standing upright in stride, arm behind body.

Term

 

 

 

Snake goddess statue

Definition

 

 

Sculpture at Knossos, low fired and opaque,

painted, woman with exposed breasts holds snakes in both hands, flounced skirt[image]

Term

 

 

 

Faience

Definition

 

 

Low-fired opaque glasslike silicate (Ex: Snake goddess statue)

Term

 

 

 

Floral Style (Minoan)

Definition

 

 

Hard fired surface is turned into fragile
delicate piece with plants and reeds on it. Stylized flowery decorations. Elegant.

Term

 

 

 

Marine Style (Minoan)

Definition

 

 

Dark figures on light ground. Sea creatures
like octopus depicted. Torsion, fit vessel perfectly. Impression of motion.

Term

 

 

 

Palace Style

Definition

 

Incorporated Floral and Marine elements, but
also adds features, such as the practice of confining decor in reserves and bands, emphasizing the base and shoulder of the pot and the movement towards abstraction

Term

 

 

 

Rhyton

Definition

 

 

 

Ceremonial vessel for drinking. Often shaped like an animal’s head.

Term

 

 

 

Torsion

Definition

 

 

oblique placement of a design so the dynamic aspect is emphasized

Term

 

 

 

Tholos Tomb (Mycenaean)

Definition

 

 

Beehive shaped tomb with a circular plan. Saved for the elite.

Term

 

 

 

Dromos

Definition

 

 

Passage leading to a Tholos tomb

Term

 

 

Cyclopean masonry

Definition

 

 

Method of stone construction, using massive irregular blocks without mortar. Used in Mycenaean sites.

Term

 

 

 

Megaron

Definition

 

 

 

Large reception hall and throne room in a Mycenaean
palace. Fronted by an open 2 columned porch.

Term

 

 

 

Propylon

Definition

 

 

 

monumental gateway, possibly leading to a temple

Term

 

 

 

Corbeled Arch

Definition

 

 

courses of stone or brick that priject beyond the
beneath it. When two meet at a topmost point, creates a corbeled arch.

Term

 

 

 

Relieving Triangle

Definition

 

 

Triangle opening above the lintel (opening) that
serves to lighten the weight carried by the lintel (opening).

Term

 

 

 

Inanna

Definition

 

 

Major God in Mesopotamia. Goddess of fertility, love, war,
human sexuality. Depicted by bundles of reeds. (Uruk Vase) (Sumer)

Term

 

 

 

Ianatum

Definition

 

 

 

In Stele of the Vultures, Won a minor skirmish (Sumer)

Term

 

 

 

King Narmur

Definition

 

 

King Narmer- “United” Upper and Lower Egyptian Kingdoms. On Palate of King Narmer.

Term

 

 

 

Imhotep

Definition

 

 

 

Architect of Steppe Pyramid of King Djoser at Zakara. First definitively recorded artist. Revered as nobility and Godlike.

Term




Hatshepsut

Definition



First recorded female pharaoh of Egypt. New Kingdom.
Often times, depictions of her were destroyed or made to look like a man. Had great funerary monument.

Term
Definition
Term

 

 

 

Akhenaten

Definition

 

 

Pharaoh during Amarna period. Stele of Akhenaten.
Through out religious beliefs, worshipped sun disk Aten. Married to Nefertiti. Departure from accepted. Unorthodox.

Term

 

 

 

Heinrich Schleimann

Definition

 

 

Rich German banker, used fortune to try to
research Homeric poems and prove they were fact. First to excavate Bronze Age Aegean sites

Term

 

 

 

Sir Arthur Evans

Definition

 

 

The “Schliemann” of Knossos. Found Minoan
civilization and described Linear A and B. Contemporary and friend of Schliemann, continued his work after he died.