Shared Flashcard Set

Details

100 Key Dates in Church History
100 Key Dates in Church History
52
Religious Studies
05/17/2010

Additional Religious Studies Flashcards

 


 

Cards

Term

Fire ravages Rome. Emperor Nero blames Christians and unleashes persecution.
Definition
4 AD
Term
Titus destroys Jerusalem and its temple. Separation deepens between Christianity and Judaism.
about
Definition
70
Term
Justin Martyr writes his First Apology, advancing Christian efforts to address competing philosophies.
about
Definition
150
Term
Polycarp, an eighty-six-year-old bishop, inspires Christians to stand firm under opposition.
Definition
156
Term

Irenaeus becomes bishop of Lyons and combats developing heresies within the Church.
about
Definition
177
Term

Colorful and cantankerous Tertullian begins writings that earn him the reputation of being the “Father of Latin Theology.”
about
Definition
196
Term
205
Definition

The gifted North African Origen begins writing. He headed a noted catechetical school in Alexandria.
Term

Cyprian, bishop of Carthage, publishes his influential work Unity of the Church. He was martyred in 258.
Definition
251
Term

Antony gives away his possessions and begins life as a hermit, a key event in the development of Christian monasticism.
Definition
270
Term
Constantine is converted after seeing a vision of the cross. He becomes a defender and advocate of the oppressed Christians.
Definition
312
Term

The Council of Nicea addresses debates perplexing the Church and defines the doctrine of who Jesus really was.
Definition
325
Term

Athanasius’ Easter Letter recognizes the New Testament Canon, listing the same books we have now.
Definition
367
Term

In Milan, Bishop Ambrose defies the Empress, helping establish the precedent of Church confrontation of the state when necessary to protect Christian teaching and oppose the state.
Definition
385
Term

Augustine of Hippo is converted. His writings became bedrock for the Middle Ages. The Confessions and City of God are still read by many.
Definition
387
Term

John Chrysostom, the “golden tongued” preacher is made bishop of Constantinople and leads from there amidst continuing controversies.
Definition
398
Term

Jerome completes the Latin “Vulgate” version of the bible that becomes the standard for the next one thousand years.
Definition
405
Term

Patrick goes as a missionary to Ireland–taken there as a teenager as a slave. He returns and leads multitudes of Irish people to the Christian faith.
Definition
432
Term

The Council of Chalcedon confirms orthodox teaching that Jesus was truly God and truly man and existed in one person.
Definition
451
Term

Benedict of Nursia establishes his monastic order. His “rule” becomes the most influential for centuries of monasticism in the West.
Definition
529
Term

Columba goes as a missionary to Scotland. He establishes the legendary monastic mission center at Iona.
Definition
563
Term

Gregory becomes Pope Gregory I, known as “the Great.” His leadership significantly advances the development of the papacy and has enormous influence on Europe.
Definition
590
Term

Synod of Whitby determines that the English church will come under the authority of Rome.
Definition
664
Term

Boniface, the “Apostle of Germany,” sets out as a missionary to bring the gospel to pagan lands.
Definition
716
Term

The “Venerable” Bede completes his careful and influential Ecclesiastical History of the English Nation.
Definition
731
Term

At the Battle of Tours, Charles Martel turns back the Muslim invasion of Europe.
Definition
732
Term

Charlemagne crowned emperor by the pope on Christmas. He advances the church, education, and culture.
Definition

800

 

Term
863
Definition

Cyril and Methodius, Greek brothers, evangelize the Serbs. Cyril develops the Cyrillic alphabet which remains the basis for the Slavonic used in the liturgy of the Russian church.
Term

A monastery is established at Cluny and becomes a center for reform. By the mid-12th century, there were over 1,000 Clunaic houses.
Definition
909
Term

Conversion of Vladimir, Prince of Kiev, who, after examining several religions, chooses Orthodoxy to unify and guide the Russian people.
Definition
988
Term

The East-West Schism. Brewing for centuries, rupture finally comes to a head with the fissure that has lasted to this day.
Definition
1054
Term

Anselm becomes Archbishop of Canterbury. A devoted monk and outstanding theologian, his Cur Deus Homo? (Why Did God Become Man?), explored the atonement.
Definition
1093
Term

Pope Urban II launches the First Crusade. The crowd wildly shouts “God wills it!” There would be several crusades over the next centuries with many tragic results.
Definition
1095
Term

Bernard founds the monastery at Clairvaux. He and the monastery become a major center of spiritual and political influence.
Definition
1115
Term

Universities of Paris and Oxford are founded and become incubators for renaissance and reformation and precursors for modern educational patterns.
Definition
about 1150
Term

Peter Waldo founds the Waldensians, a reform movement emphasizing poverty, preaching and the Bible. He and his followers are eventually condemned as heretics and the Waldensians suffer great persecution for centuries.
Definition
1173
Term

Francis of Assisi renounces wealth and goes on to lead a band of poor friars preaching the simple life.
Definition
1206
Term
The Fourth Lateran Council deals with heresy, reaffirms Roman Catholic doctrines and strengthens the authority of the popes.
Definition


1215
Term

Thomas Aquinas completes work on Summa Theoligica, the theological masterpiece of the Middle Ages.
Definition
1273
Term

Dante completes The Divine Comedy, the greatest work of Christian literature to emerge from the Middle Ages.
Definition
1321
Term

Catherine of Siena goes to Rome to help heal the “Great Papal Schism” which had resulted in multiple popes. Partly through her influence, the papacy moves back to Rome from Avignon.
Definition
1378
Term

Wycliffe is exiled from Oxford but oversees a translation of the Bible into English. He is later hailed as the “Morning star of the Reformation.”
Definition
about 1380
Term

John Hus, who teaches Wycliffe’s ideas in Bohemia, is condemned and burned at the stake by the Council of Constance.
Definition
1415
Term

Johann Gutenberg produces the first printed Bible, and his press becomes a means for dissemination new ideas, catalyzing changes in politics and theology.
Definition
1456
Term

The Spanish Inquisition is established under King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella to oppose “heresy.”
Definition
1478
Term

Savonarola, the fiery Dominican reformer of Florence, in Italy, is executed.
Definition
1498
Term

Michelangelo completes his notable artwork on the Sistine Chapel ceiling in Rome.
Definition
1512
Term

Martin Luther posts his ninety-five theses, a simple invitation for scholarly debate that inadvertently becomes a “hinge of history.”
Definition
1517
Term

Zwingli leads the Swiss reformation from his base as head pastor in Zurich.
Definition
1523
Term

The Anabaptist movement begins. This “radical reformation” insists on baptism of adult believers and the almost unheard of notion of separation of church and state.
Definition
1525
Term
Henry VIII’s Act of Supremacy makes the king, not the pope, head of the Church of England.
Definition


1534
Term

John Calvin publishes The Institutes of the Christian Religion, the most substantial theological work of the Reformation.
Definition
1536
Term
Definition